The eco-design approach, step by step
1. Start from the complete life cycle
Packaging prevention concerns the entire product life cycle, from design to waste. During the design of packaging, all stages of the life cycle of the product/packaging combination must be taken into account: manufacturing, transport, use, and final processing.
2. Avoid impact transfers
An impact transfer occurs, for instance, when a reduction in the protective quality of a packaging entails product waste. Or when a new packaging shape takes up more space during transport. Impact transfers can occur between the various stages of a packaging life cycle, between a product and its packaging, and/or between the various packaging levels (primary packaging, group packaging, transport packaging). They must be avoided.
3. Take corporate goals into account
What is the main environmental goal of the company? Many eco-design actions exist, with varying impact on the environment. As the diagram below shows, these actions can relate to a reduction in energy consumption, a reduction in waste, and the use of recycled materials, among others. Choices will need to be made between these various actions because one might have a positive effect on certain environmental impacts, and less on others. Some of the actions may not be compatible.